What codes and standards apply to standpipes?
The short answer is that both the applicable building code and our design standard both apply to standpipe systems.
We've previously in videos talked about what the applicable building code is, but what about our standard for standpipe systems?
If the applicable building code is the International Building Code or even NFPA 5000, then these two codes both reference NFPA 14 as the applicable design standard for standpipe systems.
The most popular standard for standpipe systems, at least in the United States, is NFPA 14, which is aptly named the standard for the installation of standpipe and hose systems.
In the International Building Code, again more common in the United States, Section 905 is dedicated to standpipe systems, and Section 905.2 specifically refers us to the installation standard. That’s NFPA 14.
There are a few quick caveats I'd like to bring up when we're talking about codes and standards for standpipes. How we design standpipe systems, including the Type of standpipe system and the locations of hose connections, are both influenced both by the building code and NFPA 14.
That's not so much the case with sprinklers. Most of the sprinklers specifics is found in NFPA 13 and not the building code. Here, the building code and NFPA 14 kind of work together to get us the full picture of standpipe systems.
Now typically our hierarchy is that our building code overrides whatever standard it references. But there's usually more coordination involved when we get to standpipe systems because their whole purpose is to support firefighters manually fighting a fire.
When the billing code and NFPA 14 tell us we need to have approved locations that's selling us, we need to coordinate with the fire department, make sure we get them what they need that matches their standard of operations. The applicable building code will tell us when a standpipe system is required. And once we know for whatever reason that a standpipe system is required, then we need to go find out the details of how he designed that system. That’s in NFPA 14.
The International Building Code Section 905 addresses which standard to follow, where standpipe systems are required, locations of host connections, requirements for cabinets, and a few other requirements concerning supervision construction and lockable caps.
The International Building Code Chapter 33 and more specifically Section 3311 detail requirements on when temporary standpipe systems are required during construction and demolition.
Beyond those requirements, NFPA 14 is going to fill in the gaps of how our systems are to be installed. NFPA 14 includes requirements on the components that go into the system, types and classes of standpipe system, requirements regarding each individual component in the system, design and calculation for standpipes, water supply requirements, documentation requirements for plans and calculations, and specifics on unique hazards, including inspection testing and maintenance also.
So, what codes and standards apply to standpipe systems?
Well first, we check our applicable building code because it will contain guidance on whether a standpipe system is required and specifics on some of the details that go into the standpipe system. Most of the time, the applicable building code would then refer us to NFPA 14 which fills in a whole lot of detail on how the system is to be designed and installed.
I'm Joe Meyer, this is MeyerFire University.
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