A stair is being designed as pressurized as part of a smoke control plan. A single door gap below a 4 foot wide door has a 0.35 inch tall door gap where the pressure differential between the two sides of the door are 0.1 in. w.g.. Assuming a flow coefficient of 0.7 and normal atmospheric conditions, what is the volumetric flow rate of air through the gap?
a. 33 cfm
b. 73 cfm
c. 104 cfm
d. 148 cfm
Solution | Posted 06/05/19
We have a project where a control module is connected to the mechanical controls that is programmed to the variable frequency drive for a fan on a large unit. When a duct detector senses smoke, the control module (which is normally-open circuit) will close the circuit, sending a signal to the mechanical controls which shuts down the unit.
On this project we had a bad set of control modules that didn't work. We discovered this in testing with the local jurisdiction, and swapped out the modules and the system now works correctly.
Both the jurisdiction and I wondered whether this normally-open arrangement is acceptable. If a control module were to fail, the duct detector would not be able to close the circuit on the module and the fan would remain running. In this scenario, there would be no supervision or way to know that the control module failed other than someone standing at the fan or finding the issue during testing.
My inclination is that in the future these modules could be normally-closed and open upon duct detection. That way if the module fails and opens on its own, the unit will shutdown in a "failure" mode.
Is it code required that this arrangement be fail-safe?
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Have a project that requires the sprinkler system to be zoned by the areas with active smoke control. Each floor of the highrise is approximately 12,000 sqft is to be divided into two zones. I intend to have multiple floor control risers (valve, check valve, flow switch, pressure gauge, inspector's test & drain) for each smoke control zone. Is there any less costly way of accomplishing this?
It has been suggested that multiple flow switches can be placed on the same system with different retard settings so that the fire alarm system can identify where the water is flowing, but I don't have experience with this option.
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