For hydraulic safety factors (such as in fire sprinkler systems), determining whether a 5 psi safety factor is met in a design is easy. The Available Pressure must be greater than Required Pressure + 5 PSI.
However, for percentage safety factors such as 5% or 10%, is the percentage calculated based on the Required Pressure or Available Pressure?
As an example, if we have a system that requires 80 psi and the available city pressure of 88 psi, a 10% safety factor on the required pressure would be 80 psi x 10% = 8 psi safety required. In this case the minimum is met. However, a 10% safety factor on the available pressure is 88 psi x 10% = 8.8 psi safety required. In this case, the safety factor is not met.
This is an extreme example, but I'm curious what others would use when looking at determining safety factors.
Posted anonymously by a member for discussion. Discuss this | Submit a Question | Subscribe
Subscribe and learn something new each day:
Thank You to Our Top
August 2020 Contributors!
Sprinkler Designer or Engineer?
Get all of our tools, including the Sprinkler Database, Friction Loss Calculator, Fire Pump Analyzer and more:
Daily discussions are open-ended fire protection, fire alarm, and life safety questions submitted anonymously for the benefit of sharing expertise and learning from other perspectives. Anyone can submit a question here:
2020 PE Prep Guide
PE Prep Series
2020 PE Prep Series
(Click to enlarge)
Visit July-October for daily Fire Protection PE Exam sample questions.
Solutions are posted the day after posting.
Comment with your solutions, questions or clarifications.
Please note that questions posted are unofficial and in accordance with NCEES rules are intended to be similar to actual exam questions, not actual exam questions themselves.